(1) Some women get warts or changes in the cervix (the opening to the womb), vulva (a woman's outer genital area), or anus.(2) The cervix forms the lower third, connected by a narrow isthmus to the main muscular body of the uterus.(3) Both of these techniques can be used throughout pregnancy to allow a closer look at the cervix and lower uterus.(4) Second-trimester miscarriage often is caused by problems with the uterus (such as an abnormally shaped uterus) or by a weakened cervix that dilates prematurely.(5) This is a major operation in which the cervix and womb are removed.(6) Once the anaesthetic has taken effect, the hysteroscope is gently passed through the cervix and into the womb itself.(7) The smear, or Pap test, identifies early changes in the cells of your cervix - the lower part of the womb - which if not discovered and treated can become cancerous.(8) The mobility of the urethra, bladder, cervix , and rectal ampulla were determined by ultrasound measurements in the supine position, after voiding, and on Valsalva maneuver.(9) The early embryos (fertilized eggs) are then transferred to the uterus through the cervix , or into a fallopian tube.(10) This uses a narrow flexible or rigid telescope called a hysteroscope, which is passed into the vagina, through the cervix and into the uterus.(11) Smoking is also associated with cancers of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, cervix , kidney, ureter, and bladder.(12) Smoking has been linked to increased risks for several cancers, including cancer of the cervix , vulva, oropharynx, bladder, pancreas, liver, kidneys, and colorectal system.(13) It makes the mucus in your cervix (entrance to the womb) get thicker.(14) A balloon catheter is inserted vaginally through the cervix and into the uterus.(15) The IUD is inserted through the cervix and into the womb, while the vagina is held open as in a cervical smear test.(16) The Cervical Caps are placed in the cervix to block the passage of the sperm to the uterus.